Linum usitatissimumThe seeds are a valuable demulcent and emollient, with soothing qualities both internally for and externally for skin irritations. The soothing mucilage is obtained by infusing the seeds in water. This infusion is valuable in relieving irritations and inflammations of the mucous membranes, particularly of the lungs, intestines, and urinary passages. The ground seeds swell in the gut and stimulate peristalsis, helpful in chronic constipation. The lignans in flax mimic the action of estrogen, promoting hormone balance. Eating flaxseed also boosts brain function and heightens memory because of the abundant stores of linolenic acid which keeps the myelin sheaths that surround brain cells lubricated. Flax seeds are also a rich source of Magnesium!